Data Science

What is the difference between data scientists and data engineers?

Many controversies are surrounding the differences between the sciences and engineering fields. The data scientists and data engineers might have similar roles...

Written by yrangana · 3 min read >

Many controversies are surrounding the differences between the sciences and engineering fields. The data scientists and data engineers might have similar roles and salaries, but in the real sense, they differ significantly when it comes to their responsibilities and expertise in general. Their basic role is to get data and render information. However, this has come to a twist because people have come to differentiate between the two sectors.

In this article, we will look at the differences ranging from their work, terms, the level of education, and the qualifications that each need to have to study either of the courses. Let’s dive right into it.

The outline between data engineers vs data scientists

The main difference stems from their responsibilities and experience of each when it comes to data analysis. The fields are a bit similar, but the difference is in the individual function of a given data. They prepare and analyze the data to retrieve essential information the aids in executing a specific task. The basis for this insight is the varied competition that derives from data science and data engineering.

The differences include:

Responsibilities of data engineers and data scientists

They both involve in one subject matter, which is data analysis. However, it differs from their responsibilities.

A data engineer is involved in the design, build, and arrange data from different sources. they might need to process some data to arrange them in a meaningful manner. Most of the time they use a number of techniques and multiple queries to preprocess the data.

In contrast, the data scientist will be doing hypothesis tests, analysis, model, and translate data into information using foundation build by data engineers.

The implication of this is that data engineers deal with raw records at hand while the scientists will deal with somehow processed information. This makes an engineer the first receiver of any data, while the scientist will come out with information based on the validity of the data record provided by data engineer. At the end of it, all the engineer has more responsibility for the validity and credibility of a data scientist’s analysis.

Data Engineers will team up with software engineers or architects to build data pipelines to retrieve real-time data. The data scientists will not be involved in these discussions, but instead, they will wait for the outcome. They will begin their study from that point and come up with information that will be crucial for decision making.

Data scientists will use several techniques like visualizations to manifest their outcomes. It’s their responsibility to formulate a nice story without technical terms that can share with top management. Data engineers will not be involved with those final meetings.

Data Scientists, Analysts, and Engineers Differences in Languages and Equipment of Work.

There is no way that these two fields will possess the same equipment and language terms of work when they perform distinct functions. Both of their terms and tools differ according to different companies that are working with them.

Data Engineers mostly work with Database management Systems like MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, MongoDB and query languages like SQL, Sqoop, HIVE. However, in most cases, Data Scientists do not use those tools, but the languages in interpreting data are solely based on SPSS, python, Julia, and R all used for data modeling.

Both an engineer and a scientist will understand data based on their thinking capacity and ability to make use of their tools. They can similarly interpret data when they use tools like Java, Scala, and C#. Engineers are concerned with extensive massive data, so Scala’s use will be more applicable to them than Spark. This is because Spark cannot withstand the making of ETL schemes.

Data scientists are more attached to using Java, which most specialists do not recommend in their fields. By using languages and tools to differentiate these fields, you can affirm that both can lie in the same sector. They can merge the idea, but what an engineer can do, a data scientist will find challenging in doing.

Data Engineers and Data Scientists Professional Qualifications

The more we talk about these fields, the more their similarities emerge. They are both specialized in computer analysis, and their sole job is based on having information technology and computer science. The sub-units of a data scientist are in mathematics, statistical analysis, economics, and operational research. They are specialized in the business field because they plan the overall data implementation.

However, data scientists may no educational background in engineering, and they may not capable of handling the raw data. These engineers have studied computers to analyze the work of engineering. That’s why they have an accolade in computer engineering. Anyone interested in data science can master it by studying data modeling techniques and switching their field of specialization into data science.

Data Engineers Data Scientists Job/salary and Beginning Techniques

Based on the overall salaries for the data scientist and data engineers, the main differences in pay stems from the companies that hire them. The opportunities come from play stations and Bloomberg that specialize in engineering data analysis.

The data analysts get their chances to form drop boxes, and Walmart or other online sites specialized in getting orders virtually. They don’t have a huge difference in salaries, but they can get close to six-figure amounts when employed by established companies.

Because of the improved technology, most industries are opting to have cheaper alternatives. They are investing in computers that reduce most tasks of computer data analysis. There can never be a total replacement of data engineers and scientists because the job opportunities will always be plenty.

Beginning to work in these fields requires the relevant skills and precise knowledge on how to handle data and tools. There is an increased urgency on the number of people needed to get employed because these courses are perceived to be a little tricky.

The Bottom Line

Summing up all the information about these fields, they are co-depended on each other. An organization can not survive without one for the effective running of the operations. The collective teamwork will bring the best outcome. A data scientist will rely on the raw information that has been produced by the data engineer. On the other hand, an engineer will require a scientist’s interpretation to come up with the final decision.

In this article, the differences have been expounded effectively to put a distinction between a data scientist and a data engineer.

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